The steel industry represents approximate-ly ten per cent of the CO2 emissions in Sweden. The current process used to sep-arate iron and oxygen is coal-based. The companies SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall have started the project HYBRIT for the production of fossil-free steel and are developing a technology involving direct reduction and hydrogen, where the residue is water. A test facility will be completed by 2020. HYBRIT aims to replace coking coal, traditionally needed for ore-based steel making, with hydrogen. The result would be the world’s first fossil-free steel-making technology, that has no carbon footprint.